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Bolzano's cemetery is a place of high culture and tradition that tells the story of the city's history and events.A woman, dressed in a traditional way, is sitting on a wooden bench inside an old room and looks out of the window. In front of her are domestic tools resting on a wooden table. In an open-air performance, in which two actors dressed in traditional costumes perform a duel, visitors can learn more about the history and culture of Bolzano. View from the nave of the Bolzano Cathedral Church towards the altar, with a fresco and statues of historical figures in the background.

History and Culture

History and Culture

Over the years, Bolzano's history, culture and traditions have defined the city's character: lively, multilingual and always changing.

Bolzano was probably founded as a Roman military statio in 15 B.C. under the name of "Pons Drusi". In the following centuries it was invaded by Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Huns, Lombards, Saracens, Normans and Hungarians up to the Counts of Tyrol in the 13th century.

“Via dei Portici”, built in the 12th century, was the first street in Bolzano and is still today the heart of the commercial city. Outside the city walls stood the early Christian church, which later became today's cathedral.

In 1363 the county was handed to the Habsburgs, who ruled until 1806 when Tyrol became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, then allied with Napoleonic France. In 1814 the Tyrol returned to Austria and in 1919 the southern part of the Tyrol (South Tyrol) was annexed to Italy by the Treaty of Saint Germain.

Fascist Italianization provided for a new urban plan, which from 1935 radically changed Bolzano's appearance, expanding it southwards into the new "Semirurali" districts and the industrial area where previously there had only been vineyards and orchards.

In the 1960s, Bolzano went from being a predominantly commercial city to a tourist boom that has never left it.

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